Historical Football Kits

 

Manchester United

Formed 1878

Elected to Division One 1892

>>Manchester United Away Kits<<

Kit History

 

 

 

Newton Heath LYR

 

1878

newton heath 1878

1878-1886 o

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1886-1887 a o

newton heath 1889-90

1887-1890 o z

newton heath 1890

1890-1891 o

newton heath 1891-92

1891-1892 o

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Newton Heath

 

1892

newton heath 1892

1892-1893 (1) f o y B

newton heath 1892-93 variant kit

1892-1893 (2) y B

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newton heath 1893-94

1893-1894 o x v

Newton Heath 1894-1895 Kit

1894-1896 (1) f v w

newton heath 1894

1894-1896 (2) y B

newton heath 1894 all green top

1894-1896 (3) y B

Newton Heath 1896-1902 Kit

1896-1902 a f v

 

 

 

Manchester United

 

1902

manchester united 1902-03 red collar

1902-1903 (1) w y

manchester united 1902-03

1902-1903 (2) v

manchester united 1903-07 kit

1903-1907 a o v

Plain black socks also worn
manchester united 1908

1907-1911 b c v

Previous socks also worn
manchester united 1911

1911-1912 v

Previous kit also worn

1912-Autumn 1913 v y

Socks with cadet stripes also worn

Autumn 1913-1914 v y

manchester united home kit 1914-17

1914-1919 c v

1919-1920 o v

manchester united 1920

1920-1921 o v

manchester united 1921-22

1921-1922 o v y B

Plain black socks also worn
Manchester United 1922-1926 Kit

1922-1923 m o q v y B

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manchester united 1922-23

1923-1924 y B

manchester united 1924-26 home kit

1924-1926 v

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man utd 1926-27 home kit

1926-1927 v

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manchester united 1927

1927-1930 o y

manchester united 1929

1930-1931 v y

1931-1932 o

manchester united 1932

1932-Feb 1934 o y

manchester united 1934

March-May '34 a i j o r

From 3 March 1934
Manchester United 1935-1939 Kit

1934-1939 b o u y

1939-1945 o

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manchester united 1945-46

1945-1946 y

manchester united 1946

1946-Feb 1949 s y

Various socks worn 1946-47

March 49-Aug 55 b o y

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Umbro
Manchester United 1956-1959 Kit

Sept 1955-Oct 60 b y

Red cuffs also worn
manchester united 1956-57 european cup strip

1956-1957 EUR y

manchester united strip v real madrid 1956-57

1956-1957 EUR 2 b y

V Real Madrid
manchester united feb 1958 v red star

1957-1958 EUR y

Umbro
Manchester United 1959-1961 Kit

Oct 1960-1961 c u y

Worn with long sleeves in cold weather
Umbro
Manchester United 1961-1965 Kit

1961-Apr 63 d g h A

Worn with long sleeves in cold weather
Umbro
Manchester United 1965-1971 Kit

Spring 63-1967 c g h A

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Umbro

Aug-Sept 1967 o s

Aertex: Also worn with long sleeves
Umbro
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Sept 1967-1971 c g h

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Umbro
Manchester United 1971-1972 Kit

1971-1972 c

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Umbro
Manchester United 1972- Aug 1974 Kit

1972-Nov 1974 c g h

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Umbro
Manchester United Sept 1974-1975 Kit

Nov 13 1974-1975 e o

Admiral
manchester united 1975

1975-Jan 1976* v

Admiral
Manchester United 1975-1980 Kit

Jan 1976*-1978 c v

Admiral
manchester united 1978-79

1978-1979 v

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Admiral
manchester united 1979-80

1979-1980 c

Adidas
Manchester United 1980-1982 Kit

1980-1982 c

Crest sometimes missing from shorts
Adidas
Manchester United 1982-1983 Kit

1982-1983 c

Adidas
Manchester United 1983-1984 Kit

1983-1984 h

Adidas
Manchester United 1984-1986 Kit

1984-1986 c n

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Adidas
Manchester United 1986-1988 Kit

1986-1988 c

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Adidas
Manchester United 1988-1990 Kit

1988-1990 c

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Adidas
Manchester United 1990-1992 Kit

1990-1992 c

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Umbro
Manchester United 1992-1994 Kit

1992-1994 c

Umbro
Manchester United 1994-1996 Kit

1994-1996 c

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Umbro
Manchester United 1996-1998 Kit

1996-1998 c l

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Umbro
manchester united 1997-2000 european kit

1997-2000 EUR

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Umbro
Manchester United 1998-2000 Kit

1998-2000 c

Umbro
Manchester United 2000-2002 Kit

2000-2002 c k

Nike
Manchester United 2002-2004 Kit

2002-2004 b

Nike
Manchester United 2004-2006 Kit

2004-2006 b k

Nike
Manchester United 2006-2007 Kit

2006-2007 b

Nike
2007-2009 Manchester United Kit

2007-2009 b

sb
Nike
manchester united 2007-09 european champions league kit

2007-2009 EUR

Nike

10 Feb 2008 b

Munich memorial kit
Nike
manchester united 2009-10

2009-2010 b

Nike
manchester united 2010-11 home kit

2010-2011 b

Nike
manchester united 2011-12 home kit

2011-2012 b

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Nike
manchester united 2012-13 gingham home kit 2012-13

2012-2013 b

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Nike
manchester united 2013-14 home kit

2013-2014 b

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Background

Today Manchester United may be a global brand and one of the most successful clubs on the planet, but in the late nineteenth century they were a very unremarkable club indeed. Formed by railway workers, they were originally known as Newton Heath LYR (the suffix stood for Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway) and purchased a uniform strip of cashmere jerseys in green and gold, the colours of the parent company. The club's reputation grew and in 1889, the Heathens had joined the Football Alliance, formed as rivals to the Football League. Recent research by Paul Nagel indicates that the club switched from green and gold to red and white shirts sometime around 1888 or 1889 (the old jerseys were retained as change colours) while Brian Landamore has found a reference in the Manchester and District rule book from the 1887-88 season that gives their colours as red and white.

In April 1892, the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Co repossessed the ground they rented to the club with a view to developing it to benefit all their employees. Although Newton Heath were allowed to continue to use North Rd for the following season (at a considerably increased rent), they dropped the "LYR" suffix to emphasise their separate identity.

In 1892 the Alliance was absorbed into the Football League which was restructured into two divisions. Newton Heath successfully applied for one of the vacancies in the new First Division. The competition proved too tough and, having reverted to green and gold shirts, the Heathens were relegated in 1894. The following season the team wore plain green shirts with various collar trims.

By the turn of the century, the club was headed for bankruptcy. Legend has it that a St Bernard dog belonging to the club captain wandered off from a fundraising event and was rescued by local brewer, John Henry Davies. Learning of the club's plight, Davies returned the dog and invested in the club in return for a place on the board. Davies brought ambition to the club and in 1902, Newton Heath became Manchestermanchester united crest 1909 fa cup final United, adopting red cashmere shirts, white knickers and black socks with blue tops. The collars were orginally red but these were soon replaced by contrasting white ones.

The Edwardian period brought success with a side that included Billy Meredith, signed from rivals Manchester City who were forced to auction off their players after a bribery scandal. Promoted in 1906, United were League Champions in 1908 and 1911 as well as FA Cup winners in 1909. For this match special white shirts with a red chevron were commissioned and a red Lancashire rose embroidered over the heart.

The club moved into their new Old Trafford home in 1909, built on land purchased for the club by Davies. Due no doubt to financial constraints several variants appeared during the period as old kits were recycled alongside new purchases. Damaged button fastenings were sometimes repaired with laces and slightly different collar styles were evident. Plain black socks were introduced around 1911 but the older style, with white cadet stripes on the turnover continued to appear for several seasons.

The period between the wars was an undistinguished one for United. Relegated and promoted with some regularity, the club twice experimented with alternative strips. The all-white kit with red V had been worn when United beat Bristol City in the FA Cup Final of 1909 but brought little success in the Twenties. Tim Ashmore speculates that the new kits were introduced by John Chapman when he moved from Airdrieonians to manage United: perhaps he introduced the colours of his previous club to make his mark and change United's fortunes. A dozen years later, with relegation to Division Three (North) looming in March 1934, manchester united crest 1948 FA Cup FinalUnited adopted their lucky hooped change shirt as first choice. Later histories describe these as "cherry and white" but the club minutes of the time confirm that the FA had agreed to change the club's registered colours to "maroon and hoop" (sic). This was worn throughout the following season before the more familiar plain red shirts were reinstated for 1935-36.

In 1945, Matt Busby joined the club and built a succession of sides who carried all before them. United won the FA Cup in 1948 wearing a crest based on the coat of arms of the City of Manchester. This appeared again in the 1957 FA Cup final but was not otherwise used.

United adopted the new style of lightweight continental strip in 1955-56: some batches had sleeves with contrasting white cuffs while others were plain.manchester united crest 1957 fa cup final

United were runners up in the League four times out of five before they won the League Championship in 1952. In 1956 and 1957 a side made up mainly of home grown young players known as the "Busby Babes" took two successive Division One titles and, against the wishes of the Football League management committee, entered the European Cup where they wore variants of their usual strips. Their potential was cruelly cut short on the 6th February 1958 when, returning from a European Cup tie against Red Star Belgrade, the team's aircraft crashed at Munich airport, killing twenty-two people, seven of them first team players. Remarkably, a team of reserves reached the FA Cup final that year. Busby, who manchester united crest 1958 fa cup finalsurvived the crash, set about building yet another team around the survivors.

The crest worn in the 1958 FA Cup final gave rise to a story that it was chosen to suggest that United would rise, phoenix-like from the ashes of Munich but this is simply untrue. The eagle motif had recently been added to the city's municipal crest to represent Manchester's connection with ancient Rome.manchester united crest 1963 fa cup final

The Sixties side that featured Charlton, Denis Law and George Best is generally considered one of the finest to have represented the club. White socks were usually worn at home (occasionally red ones were used away from home). In the 1963 FA Cup final, United wore red socks to avoid a clash with Leicester City, who wore all-white. Red socks then became their first choice the following season. They won the FA Cup in 1963 were League Champions in 1965 and 1967 and in 1968, they became the first manchester united crest 1968 european cup finalEnglish side to win the European Cup in a dramatic 4-1 win over Benfica at Wembley in extra time. During this period the club's kit evolved gradually: the iconic black stockings with red and white tops were replaced with white ones. Red socks appeared occasionally in the 1964-65 and became the first choice the following season. In 1971 the stockings reverted to the classic black with red and white tops.manchester united crest 1960s

A distinctive club crest appeared on official documents during the 1960s but was never applied to the team's shirts. It featured the central motif from the city's coat of arms, the arms of the Grelley family (incorrectly coloured), first Barons of Manchester, below a sailing ship, symbolising trade and enterprise. Tim Ashmore points out that the two roses are, for some reason, not coloured red as one would expect for such a famous Lancashire team, but white.

In 1969, Busby retired as manager although he continued as a director for the next eleven years before becoming club president.

manchester united crest 1971In 1970 the modern club crest was redesigned with a red devil as the centrepiece and the incongruous white roses replaced by footballs. It is thought that the name was coined by French newspapers who dubbed the Salford rugby league team Les Diables Rouges after a successful tour in 1934 and Busby adopted this as the club's official nickname (but in English, obviously). In the 1972-73 season this new crest appeared on the team's shirts for the first time.

In 1974, United were relegated to Division Two. Ironically, in their final match against Manchester City, Denis Law, given a free transfer by United, scored against his old side. They bounced back immediately and in 1977 United beat Liverpool to win the FA Cup, wrecking their rivals hopes of a treble. Since 1975 United have often worn black shorts with their red shirts when playing away manchester united crest 1978 centenary crestfrom home to avoid colour clashes.

For their centenary season in 1978-79, a modified crest was used. The previous version was reinstated the following season, which since Admiral took over in 1975, had had the ship embroidered in red rather than gold.

manchester united crest 1980Adidas won the by now extremely lucrative contract as United's kit supplier in 1980 and made a subtle but sly modification the crest, adding a pair of football boots with their own trade mark three-stripe trim above the upper scroll. These were removed in 1992 when Umbro took over the contract, as was the white background.

In the 1980's, with Ron Atkinson in charge, United won the FA Cup in 1983 and 1985 but failure to break Merseyside's stranglehold on the championship led to Atkinson's dismissal and the appointment of Alex Ferguson, who had led Aberdeen to every honour available in Scotland.

manchester united crest 1992Ferguson's regime had a shaky start and he would most likely have been sacked had the club not won the FA Cup in 1990. He survived and, after signing the French genius Eric Cantona from Leeds, United won the inaugural Premiership title in 1993, manchester united crest 1995followed by the League and FA Cup double in 1994. In 1995 United were runners up in the League and FA Cup, repeated the double in 1996 and won the League again in 1997. The 1998-99 season, however. surpassed all others: having clinched their third double of the decade, United beat Bayern Munich in dramatic fashion in the European Champions League final to secure a unique treble and earn Ferguson a knighthood.

manchester united 1997 european crestThe club crest evolved in small steps during this period: the lettering changed from white to gold in 1993 and the ship also became gold. A different version was worn in European competition between 1997 and 2000 on the distinctive European kit.

In 1998 a new version of the crest, optimised for digital reproduction, was introduced. A simplified legend now appeared out of the scrolls manchester united crest 1998and the proportions were slightly altered.

In 2001, United won the Premiership title for the third successive season. Ferguson announced his retirement in 2002 and then allowed himself to be persuaded to stay on. In 2003 United clinched their fifteenth League title and their eighth under Ferguson. Far from retiring, the combative Scottish manager built another side featuring players such as Wayne Rooney, Cristiano Ronaldo and life long united stalwarts Ryan Giggs and Paul Scholes that won the Premier title in 2007.

To mark the 50th anniversary of the Munich tragedy, in February 2008, the club organised a week of special events including a memorial service held on the 6th February and culminating in a derby match against Manchester City in which the United players wore an exact replica of the kit worn by the Busby Babes half a century before. United went on to clinch the Premier League title on the final day of the season after their closest rivals, Chelsea, had gone into the final round of matches level on points. The two clubs met once again on 21 May in the UEFA Champions League final, played in Moscow. After a dramatic match, United won the trophy in a penalty shoot-out, an achievement that confirmed Alex Ferguson as one of the world's all-time great managers.

Since May 2005 the club has been controlled by American businessman Malcolm Glazer who bought up the 75% of shares needed to de-list the club from the Stock Market and turn it back into a private company. Glazer borrowed the cash needed and subsequently loaded these debts onto the club (which essentially means that the club itself financed the takeover). From being one of the wealthiest clubs in the world, United became the most indebted: in January 2010 their debts totalled £760m and around £210m had been paid out in interest.

On 14 May 2011 United drew 1-1 at Blackburn to clinch their 19th league title (their 12th in the Premier League), beating Liverpool's record of 18 wins.

The pattern on the 2012-13 home shirt represented gingham, a reference to the days when Manchester was the global centre of the cotton industry.

After United won the 2012-13 Premier league title in 2013, Sir Alex Ferguson announced his retirement after 26 years in charge. His record of 38 trophies, which included 13 Premier league titles and two Champions' League wins, made Ferguson the most successful manager in the history of British football.

With acknowledgement to the research of Paul Nagel and Tim Ashmore on behalf of HFK.

You are welcome to Contact Me with corrections and additions.

Sources

>>Manchester United Away Kits<<
  • (a) Encyclopedia of Manchester United
  • (b) Manchester United Official Website
  • (c) Sporting Heroes
  • (d) Football Focus
  • (e) David Hamilton
  • (f) Association of Football Statisticians - provided by Pete Wyatt
  • (g) Gav Lloyd
  • (h) Pride of Manchester
  • (i) There’s Only One United (Geoffrey Green) provided by Paul Nagel | Buy from Amazon.co.uk
  • (j) The United Alphabet (Garth Dykes 1994) provided by Paul Nagel | Buy from Amazon.co.uk
  • (k) David King
  • (l) Robin Johnson
  • (m) Pete's Picture Palace
  • (n) Christopher Worrall
  • (o) Paul Nagel - HFK Research Associate
  • (p) Association of Football Statisticans (provided by Alex Howells)
  • (q) Manchester United (Percy M Young 1960 Heinman) provided by Paul Nagel
  • (r) The Gibson Guarantee (Peter Harrington 1994 Imago Publishing) provided by Paul Nagel
  • (s) Alexander Howells
  • (t) Kevin Watts
  • (u) Simon Monks
  • (v) Tim Ashmore's History of United's kits is a comprehensive guide to the club's early kits.
  • (w) Kjell Hanssen
  • (x) Alan Brennan
  • (y) See unitedkits.com, a comprehensive season-by-season guide to United's kits with a wealth of supporting detail, put together by regular HFK contributors, Paul Nagel and Tim Ashmore. These include graphics of all the variant kits worn by the team. Tim has recorded a detailed history of the club crest at RedCafe.net.
  • (z) Brian Landamore
  • (A) Graham Curel
  • (B) Keith Ellis
  • Important Appeal: unitedkits was launched  in October 2009, with the intention of providing a definitive history of all the kits worn by Newton Heath and Manchester United since 1878. The site had used photographs as evidence of the kits they displayed until earlier this year. All the photos were removed after a demand from a sports photography agency for over £400 for the use of several photographs featured on the site. An appeal for donations to help raise the funds needed to pay this demand has been started, and although the response has been fantastic they are still some way short of reaching the total.

    If you are able to make a donation, however small, they would be very appreciative and you will be helping to keep the site going. Visit : http://www.unitedkits.com/appeal.html for more details.

    * The Admiral branding first appeared on shirts in January 1976: both branded and unbranded shirts were then used until the 1978-79 centenary kit was introduced.

    Crest images supplied by Tim Ashmore from photographs of match-worn shirts. Modern crests are the property of Manchester United FC.